6.1 million km²

representing over half the world’s tropical forests and 44% of South America’s area

20% of the planet’s fresh surface water

thanks to the Amazon River and its more than 1,000 tributaries, some of which, like the Madera, Negro and Japurá, are among the world’s 10 largest rivers

Amazon Basin

More than 50 million people

form a heterogeneous population with diverse socio-cultural characteristics, divided between the majority living in urban centres and the traditional villages and communities of the interior jungle

+ 420 Indigenous peoples

occupy 28% of the territory, of which 17.7% is in protected areas for the conservation of the environment

The Amazon Basin and Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)

The implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) in the world’s largest and most megadiverse river basin, with riches shared by Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Suriname and Venezuela, presents numerous challenges associated with its socioeconomic development, as well as anthropogenic and climatic impacts.

The Amazon Basin Project

Managing the world’s largest river basin in an integrated and participatory manner is what the eight Member Countries of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO) aspire to and why they created the Amazon Basin Project, which supports the implementation of the Strategic Actions Program (SAP).

Based on a shared vision indicating the importance of integrated management for the protection and conservation of the Amazon Basin and the balanced and sustainable development of its peoples, the countries designed and adopted the first Strategic Action Program (SAP) for the Integrated Management of Amazonian Water Resources.

Through the Amazon Basin Project, implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and executed by ACTO with funding from the Global Environment Facility – GEF, the first strategic actions are being implemented for institutional strengthening of water governance at the national and regional levels, building community resilience and protecting aquatic ecosystems from climate change, as well as monitoring water resources and ecosystems through a Regional Environmental Monitoring System.

Hydrographic area

Biogeographic area

Study area

Socioeconomic, environmental and institutional benefits

The innovative governance of Amazonian transboundary waters, which is being built with the implementation of the SAP, will lead to an improvement in the state of Amazonian water resources and ecosystems and greater protection of aquatic resources and terrestrial habitats. The environmental benefits will bring sustainability to the livelihoods of the population. Communities and ecosystems will be more resilient to the effects of extreme weather events and sea level rise, and water and food security will be strengthened. In institutional terms, the implementation of the SAP will strengthen IWRM in the Amazon Basin through greater regional coordination and the strengthening of technical and institutional capacities in the countries.

0 millones
Trained professionals. Of these, more than 100 have already received gender training.
Trained members of local communities (40% women)
0 millones
hectares covered by an integrated environmental monitoring system

Environmental and Water Resources Monitoring

To strengthen IWRM in the Amazon, the Amazon Basin Project foresees the conceptualization and consolidation of a series of interrelated, compatible, operational and consensual monitoring systems that will bring together data from national information systems on surface water, groundwater and glaciers, as well as vulnerable ecosystems throughout the Amazon Basin, facilitating decision making and deepening South-South cooperation for integrated environmental monitoring at the basin level.

The integration of monitoring data will be embodied in the Integrated Regional Information Platform on IWRM in the Amazon Basin, designed to form the Amazon Regional Observatory – ORA of ACTO.

Strategic Action Program

Learn about the Regional Strategy for Integrated Water Resources Management in the Amazon Basin (SAP), which is being implemented through the Amazon Basin Project.